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Applied Fluid Mechanics (2160602)

Teaching Scheme (in Hours)

Theory Tutorial Practical Total
3 0 2 5

Subject Credit :  5

Examination Scheme (in marks)

Theory
ESE (E)
Theory
PA (M)
Practical
ESE Viva (V)
Practical
PA (I)
Total
70 30 30 20 150

Syllabus Content    Download

Unit-1:  Module - 1 Flow Through Pipes

Introduction-Continuity equation-Energy equationMomentum equation-Major and minor energy losses, hydraulic gradient and total energy line-pipes in series and parallel-pipe networks- hydraulic transmission of power. Navier-Stokes equation of motion- Initial conditions and boundary conditions. Viscous flow-Couette flow, HagenPoiseuille equation-flow between parallel plates. Turbulent flow in pipesPrandtl’s mixing length theory- velocity distribution- Smooth and rough boundaries-water hammer phenomenon.

Unit-2:  Module - 2 Boundary Layer

Boundary layer concept-laminar and turbulent boundary layer growth over a flat plate, Von-Karman momentum integral equation- Separation of boundary layer and wake formation.

Unit-3:  Module - 3 Open Channel Flow

Basic concept of open channel flow- Steady uniform flow-Velocity distribution-Optimum shape of cross section for uniform flow- Energy equation-specific energy-specific energy diagramdischarge diagram-Application of specific energy and discharge diagrams. Non-Uniform steady flow-equations for gradually varied flow- Direct Step method, Rapidly varied flow- Hydraulic jump- Location of hydraulic jump- flow under sluices-Water surface profiles

Unit-4:  Module - 4 Turbo Machinery

Water Turbines: Impulse turbine-Reaction turbine- Specific speed-Unit quantities, Performance characteristics for water turbines,Centrifugal pumps: Pumps in series and parallel, Specific speed, Unit quantities, and characteristics curves, Cavitation in turbines and pumps. Introduction to Ventilation System.

Unit-5:  Module - 5 Dimensional Analysis and Similitude

Fundamental dimensionsPhysical Quantity and Dimensions-Dimensional Homogeneity- Non Dimensional parameters, pie-Theorem dimensional analysis, Choice of variables, Determination of Dimensionless parameters. Model Similitude-Physical models- geometric-kinematic and dynamic similarity, Model studies.

Reference Books

Sr. Title Author Publication Amazon Link
1 Theory and Applications of Fluid Mechanics K Subramanya McGraw Hill Publication
2 Fluid Mechanics A.K. Jain Khanna Publishers, New Delhi
3 Hydraulics and Fluid Mechanics P.N. Modi and S.M. Seth Standard Book House, New Delhi
4 Fluid Mechanics Victor L. Streeter, E. B. Wylie McGraw Hill Publication
5 Fluid Mechanics Frank M White McGraw Hill Publication

Course Outcome

After successful completion of the course the students shall be able to:

1. Analyze fluid flow through pipes in series, parallel and pipe networks under laminar and turbulent flow conditions

2. Analyze and design streamlined objects considering boundary layer effects.

3. Analyze open channel flow and design optimal sections; calculate forces on sluice gates considering specific energy and momentu    principle.

4. Understand, analyze and study the performance characteristics of hydraulic machines

5. Carry out model studies for fluid flow problems.

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