Applied Thermal and Hydraulic Engineering - [2140907]

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Teaching Scheme

Theory
Tutorial Practical Total
3 0 0 3

Examination Scheme

Theory Examination Practical Examination Total
ESE (E) PA (M) ESE Viva (V) PA (I)
70 30 - - 100

    ESE = End Semester Examination, PA = Progressive Assessment


Semester   
:   
4
Course Type   
:   
Regular
Credit   
:   
3

Syllabus Content

Steam power cycle-Rankine cycle, thermal efficiency, methods of improvement of thermal efficiency -regenerative and reheat. Mollier diagram. Gas turbine cycle- thermal efficiency, Brayton cycle, methods of improvement of thermal efficiency -regenerative, intercooler and reheat. Refrigeration-vapour compression refrigeration system, air cycle refrigeration system -bell column cycle, simple air craft refrigeration system-psychometric chart. (Simple numerical problems).
Fourier Law of Conduction and Thermal Conductivity, Conduction of Heat Through A Slab, Conduction of Heat transfer through Hollow Cylinder, Convection and Heat Transfer Coefficient, Natural and Forced Convection, Combined Conduction and Convection Heat Transfer, concept of thermal resistance. Critical thickness of insulation. Fins and their application. Heat Through composite wall and cylinder. Introduction to Radiation Heat Transfer, Concept of Black Body, Monochromatic and Total Emissive Power, Concept of Gray Body and Emissivity, Kirchhoff’s Law, Heat Exchangers, LMTD, Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient, parallel and counter flow heat exchangers. (Simple numerical problems).
Fluid properties density, viscosity, surface tension and capillarity Newton’s Law of viscosity, Absolute and gauge pressure. Manometers, Bourdon tube pressure gauge. Pressure exerted by a liquid column. Simple numerical problems. Fluid dynamics Continuity equation, one dimensional flow along a streamline - Euler’s momentum equation, Bernoulli’s equation. Flow measuring instruments-Venturimeter, orifice meter, nozzle meter, notches and weirs, Pitot tubes (simple numerical problems).
Work Done by the Centrifugal Pump (or by Impeller) on Water, Definitions of Heads arid Efficiencies of a Centrifugal Pump, velocity diagram, Multistage Centrifugal Pumps,Specific Speed of a Centrifugal Pump, Priming of a Centrifugal Pump, Characteristic Curves of Centrifugal Pumps, Cavitation, Maximum Suction Lift (or Suction Height), Net Positive Suction Head (NPSH): Positive displacement pumps- Reciprocating pumps: main parts, discharge work done and power required to drive a slip in a reciprocating pump simple(simple problems only), Turbines: Definitions of Heads and Efficiencies of a Turbine, Classification of Hydraulic Turbines, Pelton Wheel: main parts, Velocity Triangles and Work Done for Pelton Wheel, Radial Flow Reaction Turbines-Francis turbine: main parts, Velocity Triangles and Work Done by water on runner, Degree of Reactions, draft tube, specific speed, Characteristic Curves (simple problems only).

Reference Books

SrTitleAuthorPublicationAmazon Link
1Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Power EngineeringD. S. KumarS.K.Kartha and sons   
2Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic machineR. K. BansalLaxmi Publications   
3Power Plant EngineeringP. K. NagTata McGraw Hill   
4Heat TransferHolman. J.PMcGraw Hill Publishing Co. Ltd   

Course Outcome

After learning the course the students should be able to:

  • Comprehend  the  concepts  of  Heat  transfer,  Fluid  mechanics, engineering  thermodynamics  and  Hydraulic  machines  (Hydraulic  pump  &  Hydraulic  Turbine)
  • Correlate  the  fundamentals  of  Heat transfer,  Fluid  mechanics,
  • Thermodynamics  and  Hydraulic engineering with  various  mechanical system.
  • Understand  various  thermodynamic  cycle,  working  of  various mechanical  equipments  and  use  of various charts used in Thermal science.