# Electronics Measurement and Instrumentation - [2141003]

#### Teaching Scheme

 Theory Tutorial Practical Total 3 0 2 5

#### Examination Scheme

 Theory Examination Practical Examination Total ESE (E) PA (M) ESE Viva (V) PA (I) - - - - -

ESE = End Semester Examination, PA = Progressive Assessment

#### Measurement Errors and Standards:

Definitions, Accuracy and Precision, Significant Figures, Types of Error, Statistical Analysis, Probability of Errors, Limiting Errors, Time and Frequency Standards, Electrical Standards

#### Bridge Measurements:

Wheatstone Bridge, Kelvin Bridge, AC Bridge and their Applications, Maxwell Bridge, Hay's Bridge, Unbalance Conditions, Wein Bridge. Anderson's Bridge, De Sauty’s Bridge, Schering Bridge.

#### Electronics Instrument For Measuring Basic Parameters:

True RMS Responding Voltmeter, Digital Frequency Meter, Circuit for Measurement of Frequency, High Frequency Measurements, Period Measurement, Ratio and Multiple Ratio Measurements, Time Interval Measurements, Vector Impedance Meter.

#### Cathode Ray Oscilloscope:

Introduction, Oscilloscope Block Diagram, Cathode Ray Tube, Delay Line, Multiple Trace, Oscilloscope Scope and Transducers, Oscilloscope Techniques, Digital Storage Oscilloscope.

#### Instrument for Generation and Analysis of Waveforms:

Introduction, The Sine Wave Generator, Frequency Synthesized Signal Generator, Frequency Divider Generator, Signal Generator Modulation, Sweep Frequency Generator, Pulse and Square Wave Generator, Function Generator, Wave Analyzers, Harmonic Distortion Analyzer, Spectrum Analyzer.

#### Transducers:

Electrical Transducers Selection and Considerations, Resistive, Strain Gauges, Temperature Transducers: Platinum Resistance Type, Thermistor, Thermocouples, Inductive, LVDT, Capacitive, Load Cell, Piezoelectric, Photoelectric Transducers.

#### Signal Converters:

I To P / P To I Converter, Temperature to Voltage Converter, Conversion To Frequency, Period, or Time Duration, Measurement of Phase Difference Using X-OR and SR Flip-Flop Method, Measurement of Active And Reactive Power of Supply Line, Locking Amplifiers, Variable Oscillators, Direct Sensor- Microcontroller Interfacing.

#### Isolation Techniques:

Transformer Isolation, Optical Isolation, Digital Techniques For Optical Isolation, Hall-Effect Principle And Measurement Of Displacement, Current And Power Using Hall Sensors, Amplifications Of Low Level Signals, Guarding, Shielding.

#### Data Acquisition And Conversion:

Analog Signal Processing, Sample And Hold Operation, S/H Circuits Using Op-Amps, Introduction To Data Acquisition System, Various DAS Configurations, Single Channel DAS, Multi-Channel DAS, IC Based DAS, Data Acquisition, Data Acquisition in PLC.

#### Reference Books

1Modern Electronic Instrumentation and MeasurementTechniquesHelfrick Albert D. and Cooper W. D.Prentice Hall India
2A Course In Electrical And Electronics Measurements And InstrumentationShawhney A. K.Dhanpat Rai & Sons
3Electronic InstrumentationKalsi H. S.Tata McGraw-Hill Education
4Electronic Instrumentation and MeasurementsBell David A.PHI / Pearson Education
5Instrumentation Devices And SystemsRangan C. S., Sarma G. R. and Mani V. S. VTata McGraw-Hill
6Digital InstrumentationA. J. BouvensMcGraw-Hill

#### Course Outcome

After successful completion of the course students should be able to:
1. Define measurement parameters and methods, standards, characteristics, errors.

2. Graduates will be able to study the working of different ac and dc bridges, Transformers.
3. Gain knowledge on different voltmeters, multimeter, wave analyzers
4. Gain knowledge on different digital meters.
5. Gain knowledge on general purpose oscilloscopes and recorders.
6. Gain knowledge on data acquisition and conversion.
7. Gain Knowledge on Utilization & interpretation of various Transducers along with practical implementation.
8. Utilization,operation and maintanance of various instruments for generation and analysis of waveforms as well as for electronic testing and measurement.
9. To understand basics of data acquisition process and utilize for measurement.
10. To understand signal convertors for the signal measurement.
11. Use various meas

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